In my previous post, I talked about the four temperaments in Iranian Traditional Medicine.   Individuals with certain temperaments have specific physical and psychological characteristics.   Knowing these characteristics will help you identify your temperament.

As you are reading, you will find yourself resembling more than one of the following temperaments.   That is quite normal.   As I mentioned in my last post, we all posses these 4 temperaments in different ratios and degrees and it is the dominance of one temperament over the other 3 that shapes our physical and psychological type.   So read all four temperaments and their characteristics before you decide which temperament you are.

If you would like to know more about the four temperaments, there is a great book on amazon as well called “The Four Temperaments“.  These temperaments are best described by Dr. Seyed Mahdi Mirghazanfari, MD, PhD in Tehran Times article as follow:

Sanguine: warm and wet

People with sanguine temperament are stout, sturdy, and burly with muscular body and a body composition of larger proportion of muscle tissue rather than fat.

Regarding the frame size they are big-boned with bigger faces, fingers, lips, organs, and body parts and have wider chests.   They usually feel hot and run hotter than other people, having naturally high body temperature once someone touches them tells they are warm.

They have rosy and ruddy complexion and soft and smooth skin.   They also have thick black hair, with thick density and more volume which can easily hold a curl or style.

These people have bigger veins which are prominent and easily seen through the skin in the arms and legs.   They also have a more powerful and stronger pulse.

Those with warm and wet temperament have good appetite and have a craving for meat, bread, rice and in general wider selection of dishes.

Waste matter (urine, sweat, and feces) discharged from their bodies have strong color and odor.   As they consume food in large quantities they expel more body waste.   However it’s best for them to limit their sweets, rice, or meat intake.

They are sound-sleepers and fell asleep faster and are likely to snore.

Mentally speaking they are usually in high spirits, beaming and funny.   They are brave, warm-hearted, gregarious, extremely patient, and adaptable.

Choleric: warm and dry

People with choleric temperament are usually tall and thin.   They have a small frame, for instance, their fingers, lips, and other body parts are not much big and they are unlikely to get overweight.

Their skin have a yellow cast and is dry.

People with warm and dry Mizaj mostly feel hot and their body temperature elevates sooner which could cause hyperthermia.

They don’t expel much body waste but the waste usually has strong odor and color.   Choleric people should cut down on spicy, salty, bitter, and fried food stuff and spices.

They don’t get much sleep and they actually seem fine with the little amount they normally get.

They are exuberant, quickly finish what they are supposed to do and speak too fast.   They are not patient and might easily lose temper.

Phlegmatic: Cold and Wet

People with phlegmatic temperament are normally bulky and quickly gain weight with a body composition of larger proportion of fat rather than muscle tissue and they usually seem swollen.

Their body parts are big and smooth due to the wetness of their bodies.

They usually feel cold and run colder than the other people and once someone touches them can tell they are colder than normal.   They usually are more sensitive to cold and humid weather.

They are light, fair and smoothed-complexioned and have the best skin relatively speaking.   They have silky, straight, smooth and thin hair.

They expel fairly large amount of waste matter (urine, sweat, and feces) but the waste matter don’t have strong color or odor unless waste materials have built up in their bodies.

They might have runny nose and watery eyes, overproduce saliva or suffer from excess mucus production.

They oversleep and as they get up they feel they haven’t got enough sleep.   They usually have trouble waking up and they wake up tired.   They feel dizzy and tired early morning particularly when it’s cold or they have consumed food or drinks with wet qualities (Tab’).

These people have poor memory and they may need to read something several times before they fully comprehend it.

They are sensitive to dairy products, sour foods, large amounts of water, and high-water-content foods and should cut back on them.

Mentally speaking they take their time speaking and acting; they are endlessly patient and calm and can put up with people with all sorts of belief.

Melancholic: Cold and Dry

People with melancholic temperament are usually thin and have a small frame.   They don’t have big body parts and they can eat as much as they want but don’t gain weight.

They run colder than the others.

They have a dark complexion and are likely to develop dark spots on their skin.   Their skin is dry and rough and their hair is coarse, curly and coily.   They also have excessive unwanted hair.

They don’t sleep much, have trouble falling asleep fast, they have a lower sleep efficiency which might cause disturbed sleep.   They are also likely to have more nightmares than other people.

They have a retentive memory.

They are sensitive to food with cold and dry qualities (Tab’) and they have to cut down on pickled fruits and vegetables, food with vinegar content, lentil, eggplant, leftovers, and fast food.

From mental point of view people with melancholic temperament tend to be introspective. They might have negative thoughts.   They can be perceived as cynical, skeptic, distrustful and suspicious.   They act and speak unhurriedly and accomplish a task perfectly.

So, which temperaments did you resemble the most?   Were you able to identify your temperament?   In my next post, I will list some food, fruits and vegetables and their qualities (Tab’) so you can identify what sorts of food is good for you based on your temperaments and which ones you need to avoid.